What is meditation_ also a list of 8 different types of meditation

What is meditation?

Meditation started over 5000 years ago In India as a Hindu spiritual practise. It developed also with Buddhism, but it is also practised in other forms of religion such as Christianity and Judaism.

It is hard to give a definition of what meditation is as there are so many different types of meditation. I believe meditation can be what you want to get out of it and how it fits into your own values and beliefs.

Through all of the different types of meditation mentioned here the common themes are about taking time out to focus, think or feel about something or nothing which we all need to help us find some peace in our busy lives these days.

The types of meditation vary so much. You don’t need to be wearing orange sitting cross legs in pure silence to meditate. Unless you choose to.

There are so many different types of meditation and I’m sure from this list I will give you will find one that you will suit you and your lifestyle.

Just for reference I will explain different types of meditation and how it is done within that practice. I don’t specifically endorse any of those it’s what you choose for yourself. it is important that you do your own research and decide for yourself what is best for you.

Also know that this isn’t a complete list of different types of meditations as there are hundreds. I have only selected eight to look at.

Different Types of Meditation


The word mantra means “words” to words, phrases or sounds that are repeated. It will help you to focus on that word phrase or sound and tune everything else out. A mantra is supposed to help you clear your thoughts from all the noise inside and around you. 

It will help you to make room for one idea, which is the mantra, that you want to concentrate on. hello consciousness out of the noise, so you can make room for one idea you want to concentrate on. You can choose a word that you find uplifting or encouraging.

The Aim here is just to focus on that one-word sentence or phrase, to keep repeating it, so it will help you to reach your goals.

Breathing techniques

Breathing techniques is the foundation of many types of meditation or you can just do breathing techniques on its own. How you breath is so important when trying to relax and reduce your stress levels.

The benefits of learning different types of breathing techniques is that not only are they useful when you are meditating but you can use breathing techniques in many other situations to help you to feel relaxed.

Fortunately, there are many different types as it requires breathing through your nose and out through your mouth.

Using your senses

You can use your senses to help as a grounding technique when you feel anxious. Just think of five things that you can hear 4 things you can see free things you can smell two things you can touch one thing that you can taste.

It doesn’t need to be exactly like this as you can do five things you can touch or 3 things you can smell. What ever you want to do.

By focusing on your senses that will bring you to sense of safety of what is happening now.

To help this technique to be even more powerful try to just focus on one of those sensations for a while longer. For example, you may have a great smell that you love. Just spend a few extra minutes focusing in on that smell. Take deep breaths. In through your nose and out through your mouth.

Walking Meditation

Preferably done in nature but as long as you are in a safe place where there is some calmness around, it should be OK.

All this is about is trying to be aware of everything that is happening in your body. This could include how you are walking, the feelings on your feet as you touch the ground, the breaths that you are taking, the sounds of nature.

Guided Meditation

Guided meditation is a process by which one or more participants meditate in response to the guidance provided by someone else either in person, a sound recording, app, video or it can be written down.

The person guiding you will support you in different things such as relaxing, reducing anxiety symptoms, sleeping, even boosting self-esteem. There are many ways this could help.

Guided meditation can be as short as five minutes to as long as several hours


You can either do hypnosis on yourself, use a recording or hire a professional to change your behaviour, emotions, and attitudes. It can also help to reduce stress and anxiety and help people overcome habits such as smoking or overeating.  

Transcendental meditation

A form of meditation that developed in India during the 1950s. This involved sitting either crossed legged or comfortably in a chair with your eyes closed. You would then focus on a word or mantra in silence. This would be done for 20 minutes twice a day.

Listening In

Is the practice of having that time and space just to try and listen to what’s inside your heart. Here you set aside five to ten minutes a day. 

Before you start you ask yourself a question on an issue that you are struggling with. You then spend the time relaxing using deep breathing techniques. 

It is hoped during that time, when your mind is clear, the answers will come to you. It may take many sessions for you to have the answer. It just gives you the opportunity open your heart and have more clarity. 

Further details on the Reach Approach website.

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I am a Therapist based in Sutton Coldfield, UK also available online.

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